I installed SuSE 6.0
and everything worked well. So far so good. Then I installed and
configured the window-manager KDE and it started with startx.
There is a file browser called kfm similar to Microsoft Explorer
and it displays the directory "CD-ROM", but I cannot
access it. It does not show anything. I have a Linux CD with
Netscape and StarOffice on it. I would like to install these and
I do not know how I get the data. I do not know the terminal
commands very well and I have not read any book about Linux.
Linux does not have different
letters for the drives. Linux integrates floppy, hard disk, CD-ROM
... (the common name for all of them is "devices") into
the directory tree. You simply "plug" the device in a
subdirectory. The default directory for mounting removable media
devices is /mnt/. There you create the subdirectories for all
devices (e.g. /mnt/zip for the zip-drive), /mnt/windows/ for the
WINDOWS partition. For the CD-ROM the directory /cdrom is as
common as /mnt/cdrom/. Any needed directories can be created with
>> mkdir /mnt/cdrom
(has to be executed as root)
>> mount /dev/hdc /mnt/cdrom
/dev/hdc is the device that has to be mounted. /dev/hdc is the ATAPI-device, if you have connected it to the second master slot (default). SCSI-CD-ROMs correspond to the device /dev/sr* .
The last letter determines where the device is connected to. Either a master or a slave-slot.
If you did not know where the CD-ROM
is connected you should try all possibilities and additionally, /dev/cdrom
could work if this file existed (/dev/cdrom is a symbolic link to
the corresponding device if this link was created during the
Graphical programs exist that can mount a CD with a mouse click (e.g. Tk-mount, xmount, wmmount...) but these have to be pre-configured and you have to know what happens in the background.
If everything is OK, you should add the CD-ROM device into the file /etc/fstab so every user can mount and un-mount the device and not just the root. You have to add the following entry into the /etc/fstab
/dev/hdc /mnt/cdrom iso9660 ro,noauto,user 0 0
This entry makes it possible to mount the CD with the shorter command:
>> mount /mnt/cdrom
If you want to change the CD you have to un-mount the device from the system or the CD-ROM slot will not open. To unmount the CD you have to type
>> umount /mnt/cdrom